[wiki] [sites] Add project page for blind || Mattias Andrée

From: <git_AT_suckless.org>
Date: Sun, 15 Jan 2017 14:27:34 +0100

commit 18240f34145e50a561d24f2c7e47729bc15d4c76
Author: Mattias Andrée <maandree_AT_kth.se>
Date: Sun Jan 15 14:27:27 2017 +0100

    Add project page for blind
    Signed-off-by: Mattias Andrée <maandree_AT_kth.se>

diff --git a/tools.suckless.org/blind/blind.svg b/tools.suckless.org/blind/blind.svg
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..75bb529
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools.suckless.org/blind/blind.svg
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+ rdf:about="">
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diff --git a/tools.suckless.org/blind/index.md b/tools.suckless.org/blind/index.md
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+++ b/tools.suckless.org/blind/index.md
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+blind is a collection of command line video editing utilities.
+Video format
+blind uses a raw video format with a simple container. A
+file begins with an plain-text line, containing the
+number of frames, the width, the height, and the pixel
+format, all separated by a single regular blank space,
+without and leading or tailing white space. After this
+line, which ends with an LF, there is a NUL-byte
+followed by the 4 characters “uivf” (unportable, interim
+video format). This head is followed by the video
+frame-by-frame with row-major frames. Pixels ares
+independently encoded, and are encoded unscaled CIE XYZ
+with non-premultiplied alpha and without any
+transfer-function, with values stored in native `double`s.
+This colour model and space is the only option at the
+moment, but the container format is designed so this can
+be changed in the future.
+Unscaled CIE XYZ was choosen because it gives good
+performance for most operations. Most videos use Y'UV;
+this format has good performance for converting to sRGB
+and is has good subsampling quality, but it is not a
+good for editing. `double`s are used instead of `float`s
+because has higher precision: 52 instead of 23 fraction
+bits. However, `float`s have
+[much better](http://www.tomshardware.com/reviews/geforce-gtx-titan-gk110-review,3438-3.html)
+performance than `double`, so support for in may be
+added in the future.
+### Doesn't raw video takes up a lot of space?
+Yes it does, a 4-channel pixel encoded with `double`
+takes 32 bytes. A 1280-by-720 frame with this pixel format
+takes 29.4912 MB (SI), which means you can only fit almost
+3391 frames in 100 GB, which is about 113 seconds or 1:53
+minutes with a framerate of 30 fps. Therefore, you
+probably do not want to store anything in this format
+unless you know you have room for it, or if it is very
+small segment of your video, which unfortunely becomes a
+bit of a problem when reversing a video. However, when
+possible, feed the resulting video directly to
+`blind-to-video` to convert it into a compressed,
+lossless video format, if the video is not too large, you
+can choose to compress it with bzip2 instead.
+### Does it support farbfeld?
+Of course. If you want to use farbfeld, you can use
+the `-f` flag for `blind-to-image` and `blind-from-image`,
+this will cause the programs to convert directly to
+or from farbfeld without using `convert(1)`.
+### For what kind of video editing is blind designed?
+It is designed for composing new videos. It it not
+designed for making small changes as this can probably
+be done faster with a graphical video editor or with
+ffmpeg which would also be much faster.
+### Creating videos without graphics, are you insane?
+Yes, but see the rationale below!
+### Why doesn't blind use sRGB?
+If I tell you I use CIE XYZ, you will only have two
+questions: “how are values stored?” and “is Y scaled
+to [0, 100] or [0, 1]”. When I tell you I use sRGB
+your have more questions: “do you support out-of-gamut
+colours?”, “how are values stored?”, “which scale
+do you use?”, and “is the transfer-function applied?”
+CIE XYZ also has the advantage of having the brightness
+encoded in one of its parameters, Y, which means that
+operations that want to deal with brightness only or
+chroma only does not need to do any conversions.
+### Why does blind use CIE XYZ instead of CIE L*a*b*?
+Because CIE L*a*b* is not linear, meaning that it
+requires unnecessary calculations when working with
+the colours.
+### Why does blind use CIE XYZ instead of Y'UV or YUV?
+Because Y'UV, which most videos use (for legacy
+reasons, namely that of black-and-white television)
+is not linear it has the same disadvantages as
+CIE L*a*b*. Y'UV does not have its transfer-function
+applied directly to it's parameters, instead it is a
+linear transformation if the sRGB with its
+transfer-function applied. This means that no performance
+is gained during convertion to or from cooked video
+formates by using YUV. CIE XYZ also has the advantage
+that it is well-known and has a one-step conversion
+to almost all colour models. It also have the advantages
+that it's parameters are named X, Y, Z, which makes it
+very easy to choose parameter when storing points
+instead of colours in a video.
+### Doesn't blind have any audio support?
+No, it is not clear that there is actually a need for
+this. There are good tools for editing audio, and
+ffmpeg can be used be used to extract the audio streams
+from a video or add it to a video.
+* It's source control friendly and it's easy for a user to
+ resolve merge conflicts and identify changes.
+* Rendering can take a very long time. With this approach,
+ the user can use Make to only rerender parts that have
+ been changes.
+* No room for buggy GUI:s, which currently is a problem on
+ the large video editors for Linux.
+* Less chance that the user makes a change by mistake
+ without noticing it, such as moving a clip in the editor
+ by mistake instead of for example resizing.
+* Even old crappy computers can be used for large projects.
+* Very easy to utilise command line image editors for modify
+ frames, or to add your own tools for custom effects.
+You can browse its [source code repository](http://git.suckless.org/blind)
+or get a copy using git with the following command:
+ git clone http://git.suckless.org/blind
+* ffmpeg - for converting from or to other video formats.
+* imagemagick - for converting regular images to frames.
+* Mattias Andrée (maandree_AT_kth.se)
Received on Sun Jan 15 2017 - 14:27:34 CET

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